- What is hair made of?
- What happens when hair is damaged?
- Types of hair damage
- What causes hair damage?
- How to fix hair damage?
- When to see a doctor?
One day it’s soft curls, the next day it’s gorgeous beach hair. Tie your hair into a messy bun if you aren’t feeling up to it, or if you are feeling adventurous, why not try out some bold hair colours! However, this incessant styling and experimenting comes at a cost—hair damage. Constantly subjecting your delicate tresses to heat styling, harsh hair colours, and hairstyles can make your hair dry, brittle, and takes you down the dreaded path of hair damage.
In most cases, with some TLC and the right hair care regimen, it is possible to reverse the damage your hair sustains. So, how to fix damaged hair? Before we tell you how, let’s dive into details about hair that can help you carve out your own hair care regimen.
What is hair made of?
The easiest answer to this question is keratin. But, did you know that our hair is composed of two structures—the hair bulb follicle and the hair shaft?
The hair bulb follicle is the living part of your hair that is located under the skin. Were you aware of the fact that the human scalp contains approximately 100,000 hair follicles! Contrary to the hair bulb follicle, the hair shaft is the non-living part that’s above the scalp’s surface. It is made of protein keratin that is responsible for making your hair strong and flexible.
The hair shaft is composed of three layers:
• Medulla: The innermost part of the shaft that consists of air spaces and thin cells is called Medulla.
• Cortex: The cortex is that part of the hair shaft that consists of long keratin fibres that are held together by hydrogen bonds. These bonds bestow your hair with strength, flexibility, and elasticity. The cortex also contains melanin that gives your hair its colour.
• Cuticle: The cuticle is made up of overlapping dead cells. This is what protects the fragile inner layers from damage. You can always tell the difference between a healthy and damage cuticle as the healthy one is smooth and flat and maintains your hair’s moisture and volume.
What happens when hair is damaged?
Before you learn how to fix damaged hair, you need to know what damaged hair looks like. So, what happens when your tresses are damaged? It appears dry, lifeless, and extremely brittle. There are several causes of hair damage and identifying these will help you protect it from damage. Since hair is porous, it absorbs everything readily. This is why your hair has a lipid-coated membrane that prevents it from getting waterlogged. When hair loses its natural oil and moisture, it loses this protective lipid layer. This causes hair to become extremely porous, and you end up with damaged hair.
Your grooming habits, chemical hair treatments, and environmental stressors tend to weaken the hair shaft and changes the texture of your hair. This makes your tresses vulnerable to breakage. The outer cuticles of damaged hair start lifting and wears out, and the overlapping cells refuse to lie flat. This makes the hair shaft to become fragile and renders it vulnerable to split ends and breakage.
Types of hair damage
Understanding the type of damage your hair has sustained helps you figure out a way to repair damaged hair. The different types of hair damage are:
• Dull and dry hair
• Brittleness and breakage
• Split ends
What causes hair damage?
Before finding out how to fix damaged hair, figuring out what damaged your hair is imperative. The various causes of hair damage are as follows:
• Incessant use of heat styling tools such as flat irons, hot combs, or blow dryers.
• Lack of conditioning can make your hair dry, making it more prone to breakage.
• Regular use of chemical processing including colouring, bleaching, or perms.
• Brushing your hair too often.
• Infrequent hair trimming.
Other medical causes of hair damage include:
• Malnutrition: What you eat has an impact on your hair health. Lack of vitamin A and B-12, folate, selenium, and iron can affect your hair’s quality.
• Thyroid disease: When the thyroid gland cannot produce enough thyroid hormones, the condition is called hypothyroidism. This condition causes thinning of hair.
• Hormones: Hormone imbalances have a notorious reputation when it comes to causing hair damage. Conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and menopause can cause thinning of hair.
How to fix hair damage?
The need of the hour is an effective hair treatment for damaged hair that not only repairs your hair damage but protects it from further damage. Take a look at these effective ways that help fix hair damage and lets you flaunt hair that’s strong and healthy.
Find the right shampoo:
Your hair’s health depends largely on the type of hair product you use. The key to repairing hair damage is to use products that are meant especially for damaged hair. If that’s what you are looking for, look no further. Try Pantene Repair & Protect Shampoo.
This Repair & Protect Shampoo from Pantene is formulated using unique Pro-V nutrients that strengthen your hair from inside-out. Formulated using 0% silicones, paraffin, mineral oils, and colourants, this shampoo is gentle enough for everyday use. It restores your hair’s lost sheen and strength, and leaves your hair feeling healthy, smooth, and shiny. What’s more? It prevents split ends as well!
Don’t forget your conditioner
Damaged hair lacks moisture and nourishment. Always use a conditioner after you shampoo your hair, ALWAYS! How about a conditioner that reverses the damage inflicted on your tresses? Enter Pantene 3 Minute Miracle Conditioner. Your secret weapon against extreme damage.
This conditioner can reverse 3 months of damage in 3 minutes! Created with the powerful Pro-V formula, this hair conditioner can treat damage caused by colouring and heat styling. Watch your dry, dull hair transform into healthy, shiny hair that you can’t stop touching.
How about something intensive?
If your damaged hair needs a lot of work and plenty of hydration and nourishment, Pantene Daily Moisture Renewal Hair Masque is the ideal choice. It nourishes each and every strand, moisturises your hair deeply, and repairs 3 months of damage in 3 minutes! This hair masque insulates and hydrates every strand, giving your hair a healthy, vibrant appearance. Undo months of damage caused by styling and colouring with this hair masque, and revel in your newfound luscious mane!
When to see a doctor?
If hair damage is accompanied by other symptoms such as fatigue, cold or heat intolerance, excessive hair loss, or constant headaches, do not treat this lightly. Make an appointment with your physician for further evaluation. Moreover, it is advisable to visit your physician if you experience symptoms of PCOS, such as:
• Weight gain
• Irregular menstrual cycle
• Darkening of the skin
• Excessive hair growth
Your hair is your crowning glory, and nothing should mess with this form of self-expression. You can reverse hair damage and bring this mayhem under control with mindful hair practices and the right hair products. Say goodbye to damaged hair and flaunt tresses that exude radiance and strength.